Module 4: Implementation of Sustainable Planning
City of Malmö, Department of Urban and Transportation Planning
Mobility planning, mobility management, modal split; SUMP
The City of Malmö developed a traffic and mobility plan in terms of a local Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP).
The SUMP has been elaborated against the background of the following basic data:
The City of Malmö is faced with the following mobility related challenges:
The goals of the SUMP are the following:
The planners had to answer the following key questions:
The SUMP has been developed for the following modes:
and additional for the fields of
In the period 2006 to 2011 the amount of individual motor car traffic decreased by 6% (17.700 cars per day) despite of a population increase of 9 % and an increase of workers of 15 %.
19% of the citizens were aware of at least one campaign and 2-5% accepted the campaigns through active participation in the campaigns or in changing travel patterns.
Of the test travellers 40% continued the alternative travel mode after the test period.
According a survey among people moving into Malmö 20-30% drove their car less now compared with before moving to Malmö.
Of the employees taking part in the commuter competition 38% felt that the campaign had increased their knowledge, 10-11% tried alternatives or had a temporary change in commuter patterns. 3% changed commuter habits permanent.
Changes in travel behaviour of school children fell from 75% to 65% being driven to school leading to a reduction of 5.2 tonnes CO2
The city of Malmö has been actively working with Mobility Management for more than ten years, and large travel surveys show that citizens chose to walk, ride the bicycle, and go by public transport more often today – a development that run in parallel with the efforts made by the city to increase sustainability in the transport system and peoples’ travel behaviour. One of the most important strategic documents within the realm of mobility and transports to achieve targets on climate change, air quality, noise, and energy, is the Traffic Environment Programme 2012-2017 (which could be seen as something similar to a SUMP). In order to reach the newly adopted targets on less journeys made by car (at maximum 30 % of citizens’ travels made by car by 2030), the program points out the necessity of improving the SUMP for the city and transforming all strategies and targets into more concrete plans and guidelines.
The innovative aspect is targeting specific user groups, e.g. by travel behaviour campaigns.
Additionally to “hard” measures of traffic steering and planning and implementation of low carbon traffic strategies also soft measures such as information, marketing, education and guidance are necessary for an successful implementation of a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP)
Name: Peter Håkansson
Organisation: City of Malmö
Phone: Sweden 040-341602