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Special - Spatial Planning and Energy for Communities in All Landscapes Town and Country Planning Association European Union

Knowledge Pool

Module 4: Implementation of Sustainable Planning

5. Good Practice Example: Transport development planning Greifswald (Germany)

Keywords

Climate protection measures, environmental alliance, residential building area development plan

Name and location

Transport development planning Greifswald (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany)

Thematic focus: Compact city, promotion of the environmental alliance

Area size: 50,5 km² - urban area

Climate protection alliance Greifswald

In December 2008 important stakeholders in the area of climate protection of Greifswald formed the climate protection alliance Greifwald 2020 (Klimaschutzbündnis Greifswald 2020).
The public utilities as main energy producer as well as housing companies, the clinical centre and the city administration as the biggest energy consumer are represented in this alliance.  Signing the declaration the alliance members target to reduce the CO2 emission in the municipality by 2020 by 14% in comparison to 2005.

Background, objectives, implementation measures and financing

In the city of Greifswald different concepts, plans and statutes concerning CO2 reduction were combined to implement the settlement and transport development.

With the objective of a short-distance structure development the integrated urban development concept (ISEK 2005) as well as the climate protection concept and bike traffic plan shall contribute to this.

Definition of priority areas – Promotion of the inner development
The residential building area development plan of the city of Greifswald formulates three priority definitions. By this priority list the future building area development shall be controlled.
The main priority defines residential building areas which correspond to the criteria of a sustainable urban development. 

Areas of the second priority correspond basically to the objective criteria, but which are graded as ‘low priority’ after considering all set objective criteria. These residential building areas can be tracked as far as several areas of first priority cannot be developed respectively if future residential area demand is above the forecast assumptions of the ISEK (integrated urban development concept).  

Third priority areas are no longer pursued. From present point of view there is no need, it is a decentralized location, which implicates a complex development.

Figure 1: Residential building area development plan of the city of Greifswald.
Source: City of Greifswald.

The settlement development concentrates on the centrally located areas and creates at the same time a solid foundation for the CO2 reduction strategies in the traffic sector.
Planning procedures, involvement of stakeholders and possible participation structures

The traffic sector’s objective is to reduce the motorised traffic and to promote the environmental alliance (pedestrians, bike traffic, and public transportation network).

For the target achievement the climate protection concept 2010 of the city of Greifswald provides a package of measures in the updated traffic development plan. It includes measures for the fields of action of bike traffic (parallel positioning of the bike traffic plan), public transportation and the motorised private transport to reduce CO2 emissions by 17%.

Figure 2: Cyclists on the rampart in Greifswald.

Source: City of Greifswald.   

In addition measures are planned to reduce vehicle emissions: consolidation of traffic streams on low speed, climate conscious vehicle procurement of public institutions and a limitation partly a dismantling of traffic area. 

At the same time the conditions for pedestrians shall be improved: consistency, signs for pedestrian routes, etc.)

Innovation fostered - local / regional developments triggered

Public relation work – Mobility education

Due to a broadly based public relation the city wanted to gain the public’s acceptance according CO2 poor mobility. That includes mobility education in schools and activities like “Cycling safety to work / to school”, knowledge transfer of personal and social benefits of cycling (health, fitness, CO2- and noise reduction) as well as accentuation of the positive effects of limiting traffic on health and living quality.

Figure 3: PR - Mascot for a sustainable Greifswald.

Source: City of Greifswald.

Related links

http://www.umweltbundesamt.de/publikationen/klimaschutz-in-raeumlichen-planung-0

http://www.sw-greifswald.de/Unternehmen/Klimaschutz/Klimaschutzbuendnis

http://www.greifswald.de/standort-greifswald/bauenumwelt/integriertes-stadtentwicklungskonzept-isek.html

Contact possibilities

Name(s): Gerhard Imhorst
Organisation(s): Stadtbauamt - Abteilung Stadtentwicklung/Untere Denkmalschutzbehörde
Sachbearbeiter für Stadt- und Verkehrsentwicklung
Phone: 0049 3834 524250
e-Mail: Stadtplanung@greifswald.de
Web: www.greifswald.de