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Special - Spatial Planning and Energy for Communities in All Landscapes Town and Country Planning Association European Union

Knowledge Pool

3.2 Energy, mobility and environmental planning

Sub-module overview

There are specific sectoral strategies, tools and instruments related to identifying and delivering sustainable energy action at national to local levels. The aims of these specific sectoral strategies are often:

  • to help nations, regions or municipalities assess the potential for renewable energy in their area in a consistent way;
  • for each assessment to underpin the evidence base for setting ambitious targets for renewable energy and a clear strategy to support their delivery in the spatial strategies or plans;
  • to help national, regional or local governments  to plan for substantial new development in locations and ways which provide for energy, in particular heat and electricity, to be gained where there are clear opportunities for new or extended decentralised energy systems;
  • and to support Government policy and targets.

In this sub-module, different sectoral strategies, instruments and tools will be described in form of good practice modules. Good practice examples for integrated strategies, instruments and tools are:

  1. District Heating Manual for London (UK)
  2. Energy Strategy of Berlin  (Germany)           
  3. Berlin Municipal Energy Manager (Germany)                    
  4. Re-Municipalisation a German trend as model for other countries  (Germany)                                                         
  5. Integrated Planning approach energy/mobility - national cycling plan (Germany)           
  6. Energy Atlas (Germany)
Detailed issues on sectoral planning

Sectoral planning is the systematic preparation and execution of measures within one specific sector of public policy by the competent sectoral authority (federal or state ministry, local sectoral authorities or other bodies governed by public law).
Sectoral planning is deemed to be spatially relevant when it directly or indirectly influences the development of spatial structures.

Apart from cross-sectional, comprehensive planning (urban land-use planning, regional planning, state spatial planning), there is sectoral planning for specialised, long-life, and long-term projects.
Sectoral planning is concerned with linear planning and certain infrastructural facilities.
On the one hand, it deals with linear, cross-community infrastructures, generally at the federal and state levels.

Characteristics of  sectoral planning

  • Concentration effect of decisions
  • Conditions for expropriation are verified within the proceedings

Disadvantage of  sectoral planning: formal multi-level proceedings.

Sectoral planning and renewable energy and efficiency

Renewable energies in the sectoral planning system

Task and challenge of spatial planning is to accompany the shaping process of energy policy in order to embed the sectoral objective of a sustainable energy supply in the overall objective of a sustainable spatial planning by managing coordination of upcoming land use conflicts.

Approvals of specific sectoral planned projects, which are closely related to environmental legislation:

1.  Consideration conducted decisions

  • High-voltage power lines
  • Gas pipelines
  • Artificial reservoirs for water

2. Binding authorization decisions

  • Result is the administrative decision.

Links, literature


Related good Practice Examples:

Related presentation at SPECIAL's Training Week - Berlin/Germany, September 2013

Integrated planning approach – energy and urban mobility? by Jörg Thiemann-Linden, Difu. Includes: Introduction, approaches, practical examples of European cities.

Related presentation at SPECIAL's Coaching and Exchange Workshop 1 -Graz, October 2013

Related presentation at SPECIAL's Training Week - Sweden, May 2013